Condoleezza Rice (born 14 November 1954 in Birmingham, Alabama ) was the 66th US Secretary of State ( English : United States Secretary of State ) and the second politician this office in the government of President George W. Bush held. Rice is the first African-American woman, second African American politician (after Colin Powell, her predecessor in the period between 2001 and 2005 served as Minister of Foreign Affairs) and second woman (after Madeleine Albright , who took office from 1997 and 2001 held) who served as head of the Department of Foreign Affairs.
Condoleezza Rice was President Bush’s Advisor on National Security during his first tenure (2001-2005). Before a post in the Bush administration held, was Rice a professor of Political Science at Stanford University, where his between 1993 and 1999 served as provost.
In the administration of President George HW Bush made his for the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the German reunification also served the post of Advisor on Soviet and East European Affairs. She has an excellent understanding of Russian and next speaks German , French and Spanish .
At the beginning of her tenure as Minister of Foreign Affairs Rice expressed her for rapid democratization of the Middle East and has played a pioneering role in the implementation of its Diplomacy of Change. Her policy, which stressed the US support for democratically elected governments, with the victory of the radical Palestinian Hamas movement, which a majority of the votes cast united to him in the Palestinian territories, although Islamic terrorism against Israel support , dealt a death blow. “Another issue was the continued US support for non-democratic regimes in countries like Egypt and Saudi Arabia . Yet ensure its policies and its outspoken diplomatic style that she got in the media recognition as a strong leader figure.
Condoleezza Rice is in the years 2004 and 2005 by the magazine Forbes as the most powerful woman in the world ranked and in 2006 as the second most powerful after German Chancellor Angela Merkel .