The California Institute of Technology , better known as Caltech , is a private research university in the Californian city Pasadena in Los Angeles County, focusing on natural and engineering sciences.
The university in 1891 by Amos G. Throop, a native and businessman Chicago established that as mayor of Pasadena was elected as preparatory and vocational school with a student number only 31. The college has already attracted in the early 20th century influential scientists to Pasadena, including the astronomer George Ellery Hale, the chemist and educational Arthur Amos Noyes and physicist Robert Andrews Millikan. The preparatory and vocational school in 1910 dissolved to be elsewhere industry, and in 1921 adopted the college received its current name.
Also today Caltech’s student number of about 2200, the most for postgraduate studies enrolled relatively small compared to its major competitor on the East Coast, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that a comparable research profile. Nevertheless, Caltech named among the world’s top ten universities. Members and former students of Caltech totaled 31 Nobel Prizes won, which thirteen in physics, nine in physiology or medicine, six in chemistry, two in economics and Vredesnobelprys.
The sprawling campus with two axles and portals, cypresses and a small artificial lake, designed by the renowned architect Bertram Grosvenor Goodhue. The Athenaeum, by the British architect Gordon Kaufman in 1930 in an eclectic Mediterranean style building, serves as the center of social life students.
The US space administration NASA ‘s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, who spacecraft control, part of the university.
Caltech is a member of the Association of American Universities, an association of leading research-intensive universities in North America in 1900 was established.